|A - (Return to Top)
|ABSENCE, EXCUSED - Not present, with consent of body.
|ACTS - The volume of bills enacted at one session; published by the Legislative Research Commission.
|ADJOURN (motion to) - An action to discontinue proceedings for the day; a privileged motion non-debatable, not subject to amendment, and requires for its adoption the assenting votes of a majority of the members present and voting.
|ADJOURNMENT SINE DIE - Adjournment without a day. This action ends a session, since no time is set for reconvening.
|ADMINISTRATION BILL - Legislation introduced at the behest of the Governor, usually sponsored by the majority floor leader.
|ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATION - An enactment of law by an executive branch agency or department, under authority granted by the General Assembly.
|ADOPTION - Approval or acceptance; usually applied to resolutions or amendments.
|AMEND (motion to) - An action to modify the contents of a bill or question under consideration; the motion to amend is in order at any time prior to final passage, unless the previous question has been ordered.
|AMENDMENT - Any alteration made or proposed to be made in a bill, motion or clause thereof, by adding, substituting or deleting.
|B - (Return to Top)
|BE IT ENACTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF KENTUCKY… - Opening sentence for all legislative bills and resolutions.
|BICAMERAL - Expression used to describe a legislative body consisting of two chambers. As the Kentucky Legislature consists of a House of Representatives & a Senate, it is bicameral.
|BILL - Draft of a new law or amendment to existing law; presented to legislature for consideration.
|BILL IN COMMITTEE - Legislation or resolution under consideration by a committee.
|BILL REQUEST - Legislator's request for a bill to be drafted.
|BILL STATUS LINE (Maintained by LRC) - 1-866-301-9004. Number to call for inquiries regarding the status of legislation.
|BR - Abbreviation for "Bill Request".
|C - (Return to Top)
|CHAMBER - A legislative, judicial or deliberative assembly.
|CLINCHER - Procedural act by which a chamber agrees that it shall require the consent of a majority of its members to reconsider a just-adopted bill. "I move the clincher" is an abbreviated way of saying: 'I move that the vote by which House Bill 100 was adopted be reconsidered, and that the motion to reconsider be laid upon the table. Since the rules require a majority of the members elected (20 in the Senate, 51 in the House) to bring a motion off the table, the clincher helps assure that the just-adopted bill will not be reconsidered.
|CO-SPONSOR - A sponsor of a bill or resolution who is not the principal sponsor.
|CODIFY - The system by which legislation is encoded into the Kentucky Revised Statutes.
|COMMITTEE - A group of legislators, usually members of the same house, assigned to consider some issue or question and submit a report on its recommendations for action by the body which created it.
|COMMITTEE AMENDMENT - An amendment to a bill which is attached to the bill by a committee and made a part of the committee's report on the bill.
|COMMITTEE CHAIR - The presiding officer of a committee.
|COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE - Resolution of the entire house membership into a single committee.
|COMMITTEE REPORT - The document by which a committee submits its recommendations to its parent body.
|COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE - A bill offered by a committee in lieu of a bill it has considered; technically, the committee substitute is an amendment to the original bill.
|COMMITTEE, CONFERENCE - A joint committee of senators and representatives directed to reach agreement on legislation on which the two house are unable to agree.
|COMMITTEE, INTERIM JOINT - A committee composed of all members of a Senate standing committee and all members of a House standing committee, which meets between sessions as a subcommittee of the Legislative Research Commission.
|COMMITTEE, SPECIAL - A committee established to consider only one issue, and which ceases to exist after submitting its report.
|COMMITTEE, STANDING - A committee established to function for the entire session, to consider any questions the body cares to submit to it.
|COMMONWEALTH - "For the good of all"; Kentucky, Virginia, Pennsylvania & Massachusetts are commonwealths. Must be one of the original thirteen colonies or a state created from one of the colonies. (Kentucky is a daughter of Virginia.)
|COMPANION BILL - A bill which is identical to a bill having been introduced in the opposite house.
|CONCUR - Action by one house to agree to modifications of its legislation by the opposite house.
|CONCURRENCE - If a bill is changed by one chamber after it has already been approved by the other, it must go back to the chamber in which it originated for approval, i.e. "concurrence".
|CONCURRENT RESOLUTION - Adopted by House & Senate; used to mandate legislative studies & send messages to other branches of government. Submitted to the Governor for signature consideration; filed with the Secretary of State.
|CONFERENCE COMMITTEE - See COMMITTEE, CONFERENCE
|CONFLICT OF INTEREST - Threat to the public interest by a private interest; usually the position of a legislator unable to vote impartially due to some personal interest in a legislative matter.
|CONSENT CALENDAR (or consent orders) - A list of bills having had one (or two) reading(s), and on which members in attendance are presumed to vote yes unless they indicate a negative vote prior to the call of the roll.
|CONSTITUENT - A citizen who resides in the district of a legislator.
|CONSTITUTION - A written instrument defining and limiting the duties and powers of a government, and guaranteeing certain rights to the people who are subject to the edicts of such government.
|CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT - A proposal to modify a constitution in some manner. In Kentucky, constitutional amendments are proposed by the General Assembly and submitted to the voting public for consideration at the next general election for members of the House of Representatives occurring at least 90 days after the final passage of the proposed amendment. No more than four proposed constitutional amendments can appear on the ballot at one time. According to Section 256 of the Kentucky Constitution, the approval of the Governor shall not be necessary to any bill, order, resolution or vote of the General Assembly proposing a constitutional amendment; therefore, the Governor's signature on the enrolled bill is not required.
|CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION - An assemblage convened for the purpose of writing or rewriting a Constitution.
|CONSTITUTIONAL MAJORITY - One more than half of the members of a deliberative body.
|CONSTITUTIONAL OFFICER (JUDICIAL BRANCH) - An officer elected by the qualified voters of the State in compliance with a constitutional provision requiring such election. In Kentucky the officers for the Judicial Branch are the members of the Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, trial courts of general jurisdiction known as the Circuit Court, and trial courts of limited jurisdiction known as the District Court. The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice and six Associate Justices. The Chief Justice is elected by the Associate Justices; the Chief Justice serves for a term of four years. Justices of the Supreme Court and judges of the Court of Appeals and Circuit Court are elected from their respective districts or circuits on a nonpartisan basis. Justices of the Supreme Court and judges of the Court of Appeals and Circuit Court are elected for eight-year terms; District Court Judges are elected for four-year terms.
|CONSTITUTIONAL OFFICER (LEGISLATIVE BRANCH) - An officer elected by the qualified voters of the State in compliance with a constitutional provision requiring such election. In Kentucky the officers for the Legislative Branch are the members of the House of Representatives and the members of the Senate. Jointly they comprise the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. Senators are elected for four-year terms; Representatives are elected for two-year terms. Definition also includes an officer selected by a legislative body in compliance with a constitutional provision that it do so. In Kentucky these officers are: President of the Senate; Clerk; Assistant Clerk; Enrolling Clerk; Sergeant at arms; Doorkeeper; Cloakroom keeper; Janitor; and Page.
|CONSTITUTIONAL STATE-AT-LARGE OFFICER (EXECUTIVE BRANCH) - An officer elected by the qualified voters of the State in compliance with a constitutional provision requiring such election. In Kentucky the state-at-large officers for the Executive Branch are: Governor; Lieutenant Governor; Treasurer; Auditor of Public Accounts; Commissioner of Agriculture, Labor & Statistics; Secretary of State; and Attorney-General. These officers are elected to serve four-year terms with right of succession.
|CONTESTED SEAT - Assertion by two or more persons of the right to represent a given district in a legislative assembly.
|CONTINGENCY FUND - Money appropriated (to the governor in Kentucky) to meet expenses which are unforeseen at the time of budget preparation.
|CONVENE - The assembly or meeting of a legislative body, on the periodic basis provided by law.
|D - (Return to Top)
|DEBATE - Discussion or a question according to parliamentary rules.
|DEFICIENCY APPROPRIATION - An appropriation to compensate for an impending deficit in an account budgeted for the preceding time period.
|DILATORY - Designed to cause delay.
|DISCHARGE PETITION - A notice filed one day in advance of an attempt to take a bill or resolution from a committee.
|DISSENT - Disagreement, or the cast of a negative vote.
|DISTRICT - The area or division of the governed territory which is represented by an individual member of its legislative body.
|DIVISION - A method of voting by way of a show of hands or by standing; provides a count without a roll call.
|DIVISION OF A QUESTION - The separation of one item to be voted on into two or more items to be voted on.
|E - (Return to Top)
|EFFECTIVE DATE - The date on which a legislative measure begins to function as a part of the law; in Kentucky, most legislation becomes effective 90 days after sine die adjournment. Legislation bearing an emergency clause becomes law immediately after the Governor's signature is affixed.
|ELECTION - The process of selecting a person to occupy an office, by way of balloting.
|EMERGENCY CLAUSE - Provision in a bill that it become effective immediately upon approval by the governor rather than 90 days after adjournment.
|EN BLOC VOTING - To consider several questions in a single vote; or to vote as a unit on a particular question, as when all senators present are presumed to vote yes enbloc on consent bills.
|ENABLING ACT - Legislation permitting an entity which depends upon the legislative body for its power to take a certain action.
|ENACTED BILL - Final bill submitted to the Governor for signature, veto, or passage without Governor's signature.
|ENACTING CLAUSE - The clause preceding any legislative measure which expresses formally the legislative sanction of the body promulgating the enactment.
|ENGROSSMENT - The act of perfecting an item of legislation in accordance with any amendments which have been adopted to it since its origin.
|ENROLLED BILL - Original bill with amendments attached; submitted to the Bill Enrollment Committee for final proofing and generation of the Enacted Bill.
|ENROLLMENT - The act of comparing a printed bill to be transmitted to the governor with the original introduced bill with all amendments, so as to ascertain their identical form.
|EX OFFICIO - The holding of an office or assumption of a duty by virtue of holding a particular office, as when the majority floor leader is by virtue of that office an ex-officio member of the Legislative Research Commission.
|EXECUTIVE ORDER - Action by the governor in implementing executive authority under the law.
|EXECUTIVE SESSION - A meeting of any deliberative body which excludes from attendance any person who is not a member of the body or one of its essential staff.
|EXPUNGE - Action to delete certain portions of the official record of a governmental body.
|EXTRAORDINARY SESSION - Legislative session usually convened by Governor's Proclamation to address specific topics. Syn: Special Session.
|F - (Return to Top)
|FILE - A collection of documents belonging in the same or similar category; or the act of presenting a paper or document to an official entity such as a court or legislative body.
|FISCAL NOTE - An attachment to a bill or resolution indicating its impact on state finances.
|FLOOR - The area of a legislative chamber which is occupied by the members and staff of the body.
|FLOOR AMENDMENT - An amendment filed with the clerk to be considered on third reading of the bill to which it has been filed.
|G - (Return to Top)
|GALLERY - The area of a legislative chamber from which the proceedings may be viewed by spectators; usually a balcony or other raised area.
|GENERAL ORDERS - A list of measures eligible for debate, amendment and voting on a given day without reference to a particular time of day or place in the order of business.
|GERMANENESS - The relevance or appropriateness of a particular question, usually an amendment.
|GERRYMANDERING - The act of drawing legislative district boundaries so as to gain partisan or fractional political advantages.
|GOVERNOR - Steve Beshear; Constitutional Officer (Executive Branch). The Constitution of Kentucky vests executive power in a Chief Magistrate who shall be styled the "Governor of the Commonwealth of Kentucky".
|GOVERNOR'S PROCLAMATION - The document issued by the governor to convene an extraordinary session of the legislative body.
|GRANDFATHER CLAUSE - Exemption from regulation for certain persons having engaged in the regulated activity for a specified period of time prior to the effective date of the regulatory legislation.
|H - (Return to Top)
|HB - Abbreviation for "House Bill".
|HCR - Abbreviation for "House Concurrent Resolution".
|HEARING - A meeting, usually of a committee, at which testimony on a question or issue is accepted, whether from the general public or from invited witnesses.
|HOPPER - Colloquial name given the repository for bills awaiting introduction; in Kentucky such bills are filed with the clerk.
|HOUSE - One body of deliberation in a legislature; customarily a shortened name for the House of Representatives.
|HOUSE BILL - Legislation which originates in the House of Representatives.
|HOUSE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION - Concurrent Resolution originating in the House of Representatives.
|HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION - Joint Resolution originating in the House of Representatives.
|HOUSE RULES COMMITTEE - Determines which bills will be sent to the Majority Leader for introduction "on the House floor" on a given day.
|HOUSE SPEAKER - See SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE.
|I - (Return to Top)
|IMMUNITY - Constitutionally, legislators are privileged from arrest, except for certain offenses, and may not be brought to question for remarks made in speech or debate on the floor.
|IMPEACHMENT - A legal procedure, originating in the legislative branch of government, by which public officials may be removed from office by reason of misconduct.
|INITIATIVE - A procedure by which the general public may present and require consideration of legislative proposals.
|INTERIM - The period of time between sessions of a legislature.
|INTERIM LEGISLATIVE RECORD - Published monthly by the Legislative Research Commission when the Legislature is not in session. Provides information about LRC & interim committee meetings.
|INTERIM JOINT COMMITTEE - See COMMITTEE, INTERIM JOINT
|INTRODUCTION - The presentation of a bill or resolution to the legislative body for its consideration.
|INVOCATION - The prayer preceding each daily session of a legislative body.
|J - (Return to Top)
|JOINT RESOLUTION - Used to ratify amendments to the U.S. Constitution, to direct an executive branch agency to conduct a study or enact a temporary law. Joint resolutions have the force of law, must pass both chambers, are sent to the Governor for signature consideration and are filed with the Secretary of State.
|JOINT SPONSORSHIP - A procedure in the Kentucky House of Representatives whereby several members may sponsor legislation without one being a principal sponsor, and each bearing equal responsibility as endorsing the measure.
|JOURNAL - The official, written record of the proceedings of a legislative body. The Constitution of Kentucky also requires the Secretary of State to maintain a Journal of the Acts of the Governor, i.e. the Governor's Executive Journal.
|K - (Return to Top)
|KENTUCKY ACTS - See ACTS
|KENTUCKY ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS - See ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATION. Administrative "regs" may be viewed at this website: http://www.lrc.state.ky.us/kar/frntpage.htm
|KENTUCKY CONSTITUTION - See CONSTITUTION
|GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF KENTUCKY - Legislative body mandated by the Constitution of Kentucky. Comprised of two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representatives.
|KENTUCKY HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES - Mandated by the Constitution of Kentucky. The House is comprised of 100 Representatives elected to serve two-year terms. Members of the Kentucky House of Representatives are listed on this website: http://www.lrc.state.ky.us/Whoswho/whoswho.htm
|KENTUCKY REVISED STATUTES (KRS) - The official title of statute law in Kentucky; each bill creates, amends, or repeals a section of the KRS. Statutes may be viewed at this website: http://www.lrc.state.ky.us/statrev/frontpg.htm
|KENTUCKY SENATE - Mandated by the Constitution of Kentucky. The Senate is comprised of 38 Senators elected to serve four-year terms. Members of the Kentucky Senate are listed on this website: http://www.lrc.state.ky.us/Whoswho/whoswho.htm
|L - (Return to Top)
|LAY ON THE CLERK'S DESK (motion to) - An action to place a measure in a position of temporary postponement.
|LAY ON THE TABLE (motion to) - An action to declare a measure defeated.
|LEGISLATION WITHOUT GOVERNOR'S SIGNATURE - Bills that are not signed or vetoed by the governor but are submitted to the Secretary of State (by the Governor) for filing and adoption into Kentucky Law.
|LEGISLATIVE ADVOCATE OR AGENT - A person, usually under hire, engaged in representing a particular interest or group of interests before the legislature; commonly referred to as a lobbyist.
|LEGISLATIVE ANALYST - A staff person engaged to determine the effects of legislation and assist a committee in its deliberations.
|LEGISLATIVE RECORD - Published by the Legislative Research Commission. Tracks the daily status of all bills & resolutions pending and approved by the Kentucky General Assembly during a particular session. Available on-line at http://www.lrc.state.ky.us/RECORD/04RS/record.doc
|LEGISLATIVE RESEARCH COMMISSION - The sixteen-member panel, comprised of the majority & minority leadership of the Kentucky Senate & House of Representatives, which serves as the administrative arm of the General Assembly, providing support services & overseeing legislative business during the interim period between sessions. The President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House serve as co-chairs of the LRC. The commission employs a full-time director who oversees a staff of researchers, budget analysts, attorneys, computer operators, librarians, secretaries and other professsional & clerical staff. They provide statute revision, research, bill drafting and clerical support for committees, special panels and legislators. The modern LRC evolved from the Legislative Council which was created as part of the Governmental Reorganization Act of 1936. The council was replaced in 1948 by the LRC. (ref: "The Kentucky Encyclopedia") For more information regarding the LRC & LRC services, visit their website at: www.lrc.state.ky.us
|LEGISLATOR - A member of the legislature.
|LEGISLATURE - A deliberative, representative assembly formed by constitution to enact change in statute law; usually the term legislature refers to the state level of government.
|LINE-ITEM VETO - The power of the Governor, as provided by the Kentucky Constitution, to disapprove any part or parts of appropriation bills embracing distinct items. The part or parts that are disapproved do not become law unless reconsidered and passed by the General Assembly. Syn: Partial Veto.
|LOBBYIST - See LEGISLATIVE ADVOCATE.
|LONG SESSION - Regular sessions in even-numbered years; may not last more than 60 legislative days & cannot extend beyond April 15.
|LRC - Abbreviation for "Legislative Research Commission".
|M - (Return to Top)
|MAJORITY CAUCUS CHAIRMAN - A member affiliated with the majority party, who is responsible for convening the caucus of one party, and presiding over its deliberations.
|MAJORITY FLOOR LEADER - A member affiliated with the majority party, designated to act for the party during the proceedings on the floor.
|MAJORITY PARTY - The political party whose members occupy at least one more than half of the total membership of the body.
|MAJORITY WHIP - A member affiliated with the majority party, designated to assist the floor leader during proceedings on the floor.
|MASON'S MANUAL - A volume of parliamentary law and procedure providing a basis for ruling on questions of order in the General Assembly.
|MEMBERS-ELECT - Persons having been elected members of a legislative body, but not yet having been sworn into office.
|MEMORIALIZE - To address or petition another agency or entity of government.
|MESSAGE - An official communication from beyond the body which is read into and made a portion of its journal.
|MESSAGE CENTER (Maintained by LRC) - 1-800-372-7181; TTY 1-800-896-0305. Forwards messages regarding legislation to Senators & members of the House of Representatives.
|MINORITY FLOOR LEADER - The minority party officer corresponding to the majority floor leader.
|MINORITY REPORT - A report filed by those members of a committee in the minority relative to the decision of the majority of the committee; the minority report may be adopted in lieu of the majority report.
|MINUTES - The written record of proceedings of a deliberative body.
|MOTION - A proposal, usually oral, made to the presiding officer calling for specific action by the body; the motion is the principal tool used to conduct legislative business.
|N - (Return to Top)
|NOMINATION - The placement of a person's name in consideration for election or appointment to an office.
|NON-DEBATABLE - Those subjects or motions which under parliamentary rules may not be discussed or debated.
|O - (Return to Top)
|OATH OF OFFICE - Oath or vow taken by public officials prior to being seated and taking up their official duties.
|OMBUDSMAN - An official, usually appointed, charged with the duty of receiving and investigating public complaints, and directing action thereon by the responsible agency.
|ORDER OF BUSINESS - The defined routine of procedure in the legislative body each day; may be deviated from only by suspension of the rules.
|ORDERS OF THE DAY - A list of bills and resolutions scheduled for third reading, debate, amendment and vote on a particular day.
|OUT OF ORDER - The offer of an improper motion, amendment or question to a deliberative body.
|OVERSIGHT COMMITTEE - A committee, usually legislative, created to maintain a review of some aspect or operation of government, usually related to the executive branch.
|P - (Return to Top)
|PAIRS, OR PAIRINGS - An arrangement between two members by which they agree to be recorded as voting on opposite sides of an issue, and be absent when the vote is taken.
|PARLIAMENTARY INQUIRY - A question posed to the presiding officer for clarification of a particular point in the proceedings.
|PARTIAL VETO - See LINE-ITEM VETO.
|PASSAGE - The approval of a bill or resolution by way of an affirmative vote.
|PER DIEM - A basis of compensation for services, from day to day.
|PETITION - A formal, written request submitted by an individual or group to some official body or agency.
|PINK SHEET - The colloquial term applied to the form used for technical or typographical changes to bills in Kentucky without benefit of amendment; this form originates in the Legislative Research Commission.
|POINT OF ORDER - The calling of attention to a breach of order or the rules.
|POINT OF PERSONAL PRIVILEGE - Defense of the rights, reputation or conduct of a legislator in his or her official capacity.
|POSTPONE INDEFINITELY (motion to) - Action to prevent consideration of a measure for the remainder of the session, unless a constitutional majority sustains a motion to reconsider the matter.
|POSTPONE TO A FIXED TIME (motion to) - To defer consideration of a question until a time specified in the motion.
|PRECEDENT - Previous evidence or example for action or decision of a question.
|PREFILED BILL - A bill filed prior to the session, for public discussion and printing. All pre-filed bills are introduced in their originating chamber on the first day of the regular session.
|PRESIDENT - The presiding officer in the Senate. Sen. David L. Williams presides over the 2004 Regular Session of the Kentucky Senate.
|PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE - The Senator, elected by the Senate, chosen to preside in lieu of the President when such officer is absent or unable to preside.
|PRESIDING OFFICER - The person designated to preside over the proceedings of a legislative body.
|PRESSURE GROUP - A group or organization which attempts to influence action on legislation.
|PREVIOUS QUESTION (motion for) - Action to prevent additional debate on or amendment of a question, and to cause an immediate vote on the matter at issue.
|PRIVILEGE OF THE FLOOR - Authorization for members of the general public to visit the floor, granted usually for the day.
|PRIVILEGED MOTION - Motions to which a special status is applied, whereby such take precedence if offered while other matters are pending.
|PROCEDURE - Rules and traditional practices of the respective houses of the legislature.
|Q - (Return to Top)
|QUORUM - The number of members of a legislative body which must be present to transact business.
|QUORUM CALL - Action to require a call of the roll to determine the presence of a quorum.
|R - (Return to Top)
|RATIFY - To approve and make valid.
|READING - Each bill to be enacted in Kentucky must have three readings, at length, in each house.
|REAPPORTIONMENT - Redrawing legislative district boundaries so as to provide equality of representation.
|RECALL - To cause removal of a legislative enactment or public official by popular action.
|RECEDE - To undo action previously taken.
|RECESS - Intermission during a daily session, usually for caucus or committee meetings.
|RECOMMIT (motion to) - Action to send a measure to committee after it has been previously reported.
|RECONSIDER (motion to) - Action to re-take a vote; the motion may be offered only by a member having voted previously on the prevailing side.
|REFER - To send a measure or question to committee.
|REFERENDUM - Submission of a question to decision by the electorate.
|REGULAR SESSION - A legislative session convened on a regular basis by way of constitutional provision as to its date and length. See definitions for LONG SESSION and SHORT SESSION.
|REPEAL - To delete and make of no effect.
|REPORT - To communicate opinion or recommendations.
|RESCIND - To annul or undo an action previously taken.
|RESOLUTION, CONCURRENT - See CONCURRENT RESOLUTION.
|RESOLUTION, JOINT - See JOINT RESOLUTION.
|RESOLUTION, SIMPLE - See SIMPLE RESOLUTION.
|RESOLVING CLAUSE - Language in a resolution defining the action taken.
|REVENUE - The yield of taxes and other sources of public moneys.
|REVISION - The process of inserting the enactments of a session into existing statute law.
|RIPPER BILL - A colloquial term applied to legislation designed to harm a particular person or bill.
|ROLL CALL - To determine a vote on a question by taking of names in favor and opposed.
|RULES - A code of procedure adopted by each house of a legislature to govern its operations.
|RULING OF A CHAIR - A decision by the presiding officer concerning a question of order or procedure.
|S - (Return to Top)
|SB - Abbreviation for "Senate Bill".
|SCR - Abbreviation for "Senate Concurrent Resolution".
|SECRETARY OF STATE - Trey Grayson. Constitutional officer whose duties include (but are not limited to) maintaining the Governor's Executive Journal & filing legislation approved by the Kentucky General Assembly.
|SECTION - A division of a bill or statute, separated according to topic covered or action taken.
|SENATE BILL - Legislation which originates in the Senate.
|SENATE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION - Concurrent Resolution originating in the Senate.
|SENATE JOINT RESOLUTION - Joint Resolution originating in the Senate.
|SENATE PRESIDENT - See PRESIDENT.
|SENATE RULES COMMITTEE - Determines which bills will be sent to the Senate President for introduction "on the Senate floor" on a given day.
|SENIORITY - Length of service as bearing on duties or functions.
|SESSION, EXTRAORDINARY - See EXTRAORDINARY SESSION.
|SESSION, REGULAR - See REGULAR SESSION.
|SHORT SESSION - Regular sessions in odd-numbered years; may not last more than 30 legislative days & cannot extend beyond March 30.
|SIMPLE MAJORITY - A majority of those voting on a question.
|SIMPLE RESOLUTION - Approved by one house; used to handle procedure, organization, or express sense of the chamber on a particular matter. Simple resolutions are not filed with the Secretary of State.
|SINE DIE - Latin phrase meaning "without a day being appointed". See ADJOURNMENT.
|SJR - Abbreviation for "Senate Joint Resolution".
|SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE - The presiding officer of the House of Representatives. Rep. Jody Richards presides over the 2004 Regular Session of the Kentucky House of Representatives.
|SPEAKER PRO TEMPORE - The member of the House of Representatives elected to preside in the absence or inability of the Speaker.
|SPECIAL ORDER - An action predetermined to occur at a specific time on a specific date.
|SPECIAL SESSION - See EXTRAORDINARY SESSION.
|SPECIAL COMMITTEE - See COMMITTEE, SPECIAL.
|SPONSOR - The legislator responsible for presenting an item of legislation to the body.
|STANDING COMMITTEE - See COMMITTEE, STANDING.
|STATIONERY ALLOWANCE - A $50 allowance to each member, per session, for the purchase of stationery.
|STOPPING THE CLOCK - An occasional tactic on the final evening of a regular session whereby the proceedings continue into the following day, with the clock and journal continuing to indicate occurrences of action on the preceding day.
|SUNSET LEGISLATION - A law requiring termination of a particular agency or program on a predetermined date, unless justification for continuance is presented to the legislature prior to such occurrence.
|SUSPEND THE RULES - Action to negate the application of a particular rule of procedure; the rule and purpose must be stated in the motion to suspend.
|T - (Return to Top)
|TERM OF OFFICE - The period of time for which a person is elected or appointed to occupy an office or position.
|TITLE - A caption indicating the subject matter of a bill or resolution, required by the Constitution.
|U - (Return to Top)
|UNANIMOUS CONSENT - A vote, by voice, expressing adoption of a question without dissent or objection.
|UNICAMERAL - A legislature composed of one house or chamber.
|V - (Return to Top)
|VETO - Rejection of an enactment without authority to modify; usually the prerogative of the Governor. A Governor's Veto of legislation may be overriden by the General Assembly.
|VETO MESSAGE - Governor's written explanation for vetoing legislation. Under the provisions of the Constitution of Kentucky, Governor's Veto Messages are recorded in the Governor's Executive Journal maintained by the Secretary of State.
|VETO OVERRIDE - Authority of the legislature to overturn a rejection of legislation by the Governor. Legislative nullification of the governor's veto requires a constitutional majority of both the House & the Senate, or 51 House votes and at least 20 Senate votes.
|VOICE VOTE - A method of voting whereby only a vocal response to a question is indicated.
|VOTE - A decision on a question by a member of a deliberative body, either affirmative or negative.
|W - (Return to Top)
|WITHDRAW - To recall, remove or delete a question from consideration.
|Y - (Return to Top)
|YIELD - A parliamentary term referring to the cession of the floor by one member to another.